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Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

380                                              PARGANA.
Calcutta ; and Seths Gliansyam Das and Gobardhan Das of Mathura ; not one
of whom resiaes immediately upon his estate.
The predominant classes of the population are Jats, Brahmans, and
trauma KachhwfiMs. The ancestor of all the latter, by name Jasraj, Is
traditionally reported to have come at some remote, but unspecified, period
from Amber, and to have established his family at the village of Kota, whence it
spread on the one side to Jjiit, and on the other to Satoha, Giridhar-pur, Pali-
khera, Maholi, Xahranli, Naugama, Nawada, and Tarsi ; which at that time
must have formed a continuous tract of country, as the villages which now
intervene are of much more modern foundation. The estates continued for the
most part with his descendants till the beginning of the present century ; but
seventy years of British legislation have sufficed to alienate them almost
entirely.
The most common indigenous trees are therm??, balul, remja, and kadamb;
and the principal crops tobacco, sugarcane, chand, cotton, and barley : bajrd
and jodr being also largely grown, though not ordinarily to such an extent as
the varieties first named. Wheat, which in the adjoining parganas is scarcely
to be seen at ail, here forms an average crop. The cold-weather instalment of
the Government demand Is realized principally from the outturn of cotton. An
average yield per acre Is calculated at one man of cotton, seven of jodr, three
of bdjni, six of wheat, eight of barley, five of chand, eight of tobacco, and ten
and a half of gnr^ the extract of the sugarcane* The cost of cultivation per
acre is put at Rs. 7 for the khanf and Rs. 10 for rabi crops. The river is of
little or no use for irrigation purposes; hut after the abatement of the rains
It Is navigated by country boats, which are always brought to anchor at night.
Water is generally found at a depth of 49 feet below the surface of the soil ;
and it Is thus n matter of considerable expense to sink a well, more especially
as the samliiiess of the soil ordinarily necessitates the construction of a
masonry cylinder. The Agra Canal has proved a great • boon to the agri-
culturist ; it hati a length of 1<> miles in the pargana, from Konai to ISonoth,
with bridges at Ba.<onti, Aring, Sonsa, Lnl-pur, and Little Kosi.
AKTNG—Population 3,570—nine miles from Matlrara, on the high road to
Big, was, from 1803 to 1868, the head of a tahsili, removed in the latter year to
the Civil Station. Kear the canal bridge, the navigation channel to Mathurfi
branches off on the one side and on the other a distributary, that runs through the
villages of Usphar and Little Kosi, Till 1818 the town was a jagir of a Kashmir
Pajadit, by name Baba Bisvanatk On his death it was resumed and assessed